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If you are a world traveler or nomad, no doubt you have encountered the challenge of getting a visa to a distant destination. Ever wondered just how many countries Americans could travel to without a travel visa, simply as a tourist? I decided to do a bit of research and have compiled the following lists to share with you.

According to the Henley Passport Index, the United States has the world’s fourth most powerful passport, tied with Austria, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Below are all Visa-Free Countries for American Passport Holders and those that require a visa (updated 2018). Currently, 186 countries permit U.S. citizens entry without requiring a visa or will grant a visa on arrival. 40 other countries, on the other hand, do require visas.

What is a Travel Visa or Tourist Visa?

A visa is an official document that allows the bearer to legally enter a foreign country. The visa is usually glued into or stamped into the passport. A travel visa or a tourist visa, in particular, is a specific visa that permits entry for touristic reasons only for a specific time period, on a temporary basis.  This means that the tourist visa holder may not conduct business or work in the foreign country.

Why Do I Even Need a Visa to Travel?

Countries around the world have agreements and visa policies that permit their citizens to travel and enter one another’s country, without having to get a visa. However, if the foreign country you want to visit does not have an agreement or a visa policy with the United States, then you must get a visa to visit that foreign country. Each country sets its own requirements and application process for acquiring visas, along with decisions on which country to which they grant visa-free access, or not.

Visa policies are affected by many factors, including economic reasons, tourism, business, current diplomatic relationship, and immigration.

It is important to note that visa policies change all the time, with little notice. Governments may or do change visa restrictions, as in who they allow in and what documentation may be required. Therefore, I would recommend you check with the local embassy or the consulate general of the foreign country you would like to visit, for the latest rules and visa requirements.

How Do I Check Visa Requirements?

In the lists below, I have compiled all the countries that provide visa-free access to U.S. citizens AND those that require visas. Simply click on the country name to access information on the country that has been prepared by the U.S. Department of State (Travel.State.Gov).

Here you can double check the Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements and get more information on Health, Local Laws, Safety, Travel Advisories, and contact information of the local U.S. embassy.

You should know that some countries may also vet for criminal background, health condition, and financial position.

Pro Tip: Under Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements, there is usually a link to the foreign country’s embassy or consulate general’s official website in the U.S., where I get the most up to date information on visa requirements (triple check!). It is a trusted method to ensure that the website that you are visiting is genuine and not one belonging to a visa agent or some other third party.

How Do I Apply for a Visa?

The official website of the foreign country’s embassy or consulate general will usually provide all the details of the visa requirements including application procedures and documentation requirements. It is common for foreign governments to ask for proof of sufficient funds (recent bank statement), travel document (your passport), proof of accommodation (hotel) and proof of onward journey (itinerary showing round trip or showing another destination after), travel insurance, passport-sized photos, and of course, money for the application fee.

You may be required to apply in-person, by mail or electronically, depending on the country.

If visa on arrival is offered, then you may apply for the visa when you arrive. Most countries will charge a fee for visa on arrival. Again, documentation requirements will vary by country.

visa free countries for american u.s. passport holders

What is the Henley Passport Index?

Every year in the last 13 years, the folks at Henley & Partners maintain and publish the Henley Passport Index, which is a global ranking of 199 passports around the world and 227 different destinations.

Quite simply, it measures the number of countries that permit visa-free entry to each country’s passport holders. The higher the number, the higher ranking a country places on the index, signifying the mobility power of that country’s passport.

In the latest Henley Passport Index published in May 2018, the U.S. earned 5th place (186 visa-free countries), behind 1st place finisher, Japan (189 countries) and 2nd place finishers, Germany and Singapore (188 countries).

The study makes a few basic assumptions that would apply to most people, including you and me:

  • The traveler is using a normal passport rather than a diplomatic, emergency, or temporary one.
  • The traveler is seeking entry as a tourist or business person.
  • The traveler meets requirements for entry such as proof of accommodation and funds.
  • The traveler is seeking a short stay rather than a transit to a different destination.
  • A short stay is defined as three days to several months.
  • The port of entry is a major city.

Definitions of Travel Visa Requirements

Visa-Free: No visa is required to enter a country.

Visa on Arrival: Technically a visa is required to enter a country. However, you do not need to apply before departing. You may apply for and get the visa on arrival at the destination airport.

e-Visa Required: An electronic visa is required to enter a country. However, you do not need to apply for it in person. Instead, you would apply online before departing and is electronically linked to your passport. Approval is required prior to departing.

Visa Required: The most onerous of them all. A visa is required to enter a country. You must apply for it in advance, usually in-person at an embassy or a consulate general.

Electronic Travel Authorization/Authority (ETA) Required: Not officially a visa. Visa-exempt travelers must seek travel authorization electronically in advance and once approved, the ETA is linked electronically to the passport. U.S. citizens must apply for ETA when traveling to Australia and Sri Lanka.

Visa-Free Countries for American Passport Holders, Grouped By Region

The following lists include countries that provide American passport holders visa-free access, visa on arrival (*) and ETA (**), as tourists for short stays. The ease of entry is permitted due to specific visa-waivers granted by each country to U.S. citizens.

Visa-Free Countries in Asia

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Bangladesh *30 daysVisa on arrival available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport. Visa not required by Bangladeshi Americans.
Brunei90 days
Cambodia *30 dayse-Visa is also available online. Visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and at departure.
Hong Kong (SAR China)3 months
Indonesia30 days
Japan90 days
Kazakhastan30 daysIndividuals seeking a longer period of stay may apply for a 10-year Kazakhstani visa, with a maximum stay of 60 days for business and 30 days for tourism.
Kyrgyzstan60 days
Laos *30 daysExtendable up to an additional 60 days. Available at international airports Wattay Vientiane, Pakse Savannakhet and Luang Prabang, and at certain official land ports of entry.
Macau (SAR China)30 days
Malaysia90 daysVisitors are fingerprinted on arrival and at departure.
Maldives *30 days
Mongolia90 days
Nepal *90 daysVisa on arrival available at Tribhuvan International Airport and certain land ports of entry. No more than 150 aggregate days in any calendar year.
Philippines30 daysVisa on arrival valid for 59 days is available for $50.
Singapore90 daysVisitors are fingerprinted on arrival and at departure.
South Korea90 daysVisitors are fingerprinted.
Sri Lanka *30 daysETA or a visa on arrival is required.
Taiwan90 daysVisitors are fingerprinted.
Tajikistan *45 dayse-Visa available. Visa on arrival available at Dushanbe International Airport. No extensions or replacements allowed.
Thailand30 daysMaximum two visits annually if not arriving by air. May be extended by 30 days at local immigration office for 1900 THB.
Timor-Leste *30 daysVisa on arrival available when arriving by air only.
Countries in Asia that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in Europe

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Albania1 year
Andorra3 monthsNot part of Schengen area. Must enter and leave by land via Spain and France, which means Schengen regulations should be followed.
Austria90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Belarus5 daysVisa required if planning to stay more than 5 calendar days or if you enter or exit at border crossings other than the Minsk Airport. No transit without a visa.
Belgium90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Bosnia and Herzegovina90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 6-month period. Must register with local police within 24 hours of arrival.
Bulgaria90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period.
Croatia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180-day period. Must register with local police within 24 hours of arrival.
Cyprus90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Czech Republic90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Denmark90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area. Separately, US citizens may stay 90 days every six months, regardless if they have already stayed in another Schengen country prior to entering Denmark.
Estonia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Faroe Islands90 days
Finland90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
France90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Germany90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Gibraltar90 daysPart of the United Kingdom
Greece90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Greenland90 days
Hungary90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Iceland90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Ireland3 monthsMust have proof of trip purpose, funds, accommodation and return ticket.
Italy90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Kosovo90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 6 month period.
Latvia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Liechtenstein90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Lithuania90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Luxembourg90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Macedonia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 6 month period. Must register with local police within 48 hours of arrival.
Malta90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Moldova90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period. Registration upon arrival is mandatory.
Monaco90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period.
Montenegro90 daysMust register with the police within 24 hours of arrival.
Netherlands90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Norway90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Poland90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area. Dual nationals (Polish Americans) must enter using Polish passport.
Portugal90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Romania90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period.
San MarinoNo border formalities. Anyone permitted in Italy may enter San Marino.
Serbia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period.
Slovakia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area. Must register with the local police within 3 working days of arrival. Must carry proof of funds and medical insurance.
Slovenia90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area. Must register with the local police within 72 hours for stays longer 3 days.
Spain90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Sweden90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Switzerland90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period in Schengen Area.
Ukraine90 daysMaximum 90 days within any 180 day period.
United Kingdom6 months
Vatican City
Countries in Europe that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in Africa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Benin *30 days, 90 daysSingle-entry and multiple-entry available for 30 days; multiple-entry available for 90 days
Botswana *90 daysMaximum 90 days within a 12-month period.
Burkina Faso *90 daysMay also apply by mail or in-person.
Cape Verde Islands *90 daysAvailable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport. Must carry World Health Organization card if arriving on flights from Senegal or other West African countries.
Central African Republic180 daysEvidence of yellow fever vaccination is required.
Comoros Islands *Onward/return ticket required.
Egypt *30 daysSingle entry visa on arrival available at Egyptian airports for 25 USD. e-Visa also available. US citizens arriving from Israel at the Taba border crossing should obtain visa ahead of time. If not, 30 day visa on arrival is available for 25 USD. A free, 14 day visa is also for travel within the Sinai Peninsula.
Equatorial Guinea90 daysCertification of vaccination for yellow fever and polio is required.
Ethiopia *Visa on arrival is available at Bola International Airport, but not for US citizens of Somali or Eritrean descent. e-Visa and regular visa are also available. World Health Organization (WHO) card certifying yellow fever vaccination required.
Gabon*90 daysSingle-entry visa on arrival at Libreville International Airport. e-Visa and regular visa are also available. e-Visa applicants must arrive at Libreville International Airport. Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required.
The Gambia *30 daysAvailable before traveling or within two working days of arrival from the Department of Immigration in downtown Banjul.
Guinea-Bissau *90 daysFor visa on arrival, you must request a letter of authorization from the Migration Office of Guinea-Bissau in advance. Otherwise, e-Visa is also available.
Kenya *3 monthsSingle-entry visa on arrival is available at Kenyan airport but will be discontinued soon. Otherwise, e-Visa is available.
Lesotho30 daysProof of vaccination for yellow fever is required.
Madagascar *30 daysVisa on arrival is available for free. Evidence of onward/return travel.
Malawi *90 daysVisa on arrival available at a port-of-entry in Malawi.
Mauritania *Visa on arrival available at Nouakchott-Oumtounsy International Airport. Proof of yellow fever vaccination are required.
Mauritius90 days
Mayotte90 days
Morocco90 days
Mozambique *Single-entry visa on arrival, at points of entry including airports. Valid certification of vaccination for yellow fever is required if you are coming from a country where fellow fever is present.
Namibia *90 daysVisa on arrival available at the port of entry. World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required if traveling from a yellow fever endemic country.
Reunion90 days
Rwanda *30 daysVisa on arrival at port of entry for $30. World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required if entering from the countries listed on the Rwandan Immigration website.
São Tomé and Principe15 daysProof of yellow fever vaccination required.
Senegal90 daysEvidence of yellow fever vaccination is required for entry into Senegal for travelers arriving from yellow fever endemic countries.
Seychelles *Visitor’s Permit on arrival given based on proof of accommodation and funds and return or onward ticket.
Somalia *60 days
South Africa90 days
Saint Helena *183 daysEntry Permit on arrival costs £17. Return ticket, or funds for a return ticket, medical insurance, adequate accommodation and sufficient funds for your stay required.
Swaziland30 days
Tanzania *90 daysMultiple-entry visa on arrival available for $100. Yellow fever vaccination is required for all travelers arriving from, or having transited through, yellow fever endemic countries.
Togo *7 days
Tunisia90 days
UgandaApply online. Single entry visa available for $50. Recent photo and proof of vaccination for yellow fever is required.
Zambia *90 daysSingle-entry visa on arrival at a port of entry.
Zimbabwe *30 days30 USD for visa on arrival at airports and other ports of entry.
Countries in Africa that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in Oceania

CountryAllowed StayNotes
American SamoaUnlimitedAll visitors to American Samoa require a valid passport, return ticket or onward ticket and sufficient funds to support their stay. US citizens do not require a visa and may enter and leave freely.
Australia **90 days90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted. Must apply for ETA in advance. Eligible to use automated border processing system, SmartGate, with U.S. ePassport.
Cook Islands31 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months beyond the intended stay in Cook Islands. Proof of onward or return ticket, adequate accommodations and sufficient funds.
Fiji4 months
French Polynesia90 daysStay must not be more than 90 days every 6 months. Passport must be valid for six months beyond the date of departure from French Polynesia.
GuamUnlimitedU.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Guam. Proof of citizenship is required for entry.
Kiribati30 daysValid passport with a minimum of six months validity and proof of return/onward ticket and sufficient funds required.
Marshall IslandsUnlimitedDeparture fee of $20 for individuals aged 13 through 59, when departing from Amata Kabua International Airport on international flights.
MicronesiaUnlimitedDeparture fee of $20 when leaving each island.
New Caledonia90 daysPassport valid for six months beyond the duration of stay in New Caledonia plus proof of medical insurance.
New ZealandThree MonthsPassport valid for three months beyond planned departure is required.
Niue30 daysProof of onward/return ticket and accommodations.
Northern Mariana IslandsUnlimitedProof of citizenship required.
Palau Islands1 yearPassport valid for at least six months at time of entry.
Papua New Guinea *60 daysPassport valid for at least six months from date of intended travel. Proof of onward/return ticket and sufficient funds required. Visa on arrival available at Jacksons International Airport in Port Moresby.
Samoa *60 daysValid passport and onward/return ticket required. Non-citizen U.S. nationals will need a visitor permit before travel and may apply at the Samoa Consulate General office in Pago Pago, American Samoa.
Solomon Islands *42 daysVisitor permits granted upon arrival at Henderson International Airport in Honiara. No more than 90 days in a 12-month period. Valid passport, onward/return ticket and proof of sufficient funds required.
Tonga *31 daysPassport valid for at least six months and onward/return ticket required.
Tuvalu *30 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months, onward/return ticket, proof of sufficient funds and AUD $100 for visitor permit, available on arrival.
Vanuatu30 daysValid passport, onward ticket and proof of sufficient funds required.
Countries in Oceania that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in the Caribbean

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Anguilla90 daysProof of onward/return ticket, accommodation, and sufficient funds required.
Antigua and Barbuda180 daysPassport valid for 180 days following departure date. Proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds.
Aruba30 daysPassport valid for duration of stay, proof of onward/return ticket and sufficient funds required.
Bahamas90 daysProof of anticipated departure required.
Barbados6 months
Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba180 daysProof of onward/return ticket, sufficient funds and accommodation required.
British Virgin Islands30 days
Cayman Islands
Curaçao6 months each calendar yearPassport valid for duration of stay, proof of onward/return ticket and sufficient funds required.
Dominica6 monthsValid passport plus proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds required. Departure tax of $22 when leaving Dominica.
Dominican Republic30 daysTourist card for $10 available on arrival or online prior to travel.
French West Indies90 daysPassport with at least 6 months validity, proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds required.
Grenada90 daysProof of onward/return ticket required.
Haiti90 days
Jamaica90 daysValid passport and proof of anticipated departure required.
Montserrat180 daysValid passport at time of entry.
Puerto RicoUnlimited
St. Kitts and Nevis90 daysValid passport, proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds required.
St. Lucia42 daysPassport valid for 6 months following departure date, proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds required.
St. Maarten6 monthsValid passort for duration of stay, proof of onward/return ticket, accommodation and sufficient funds ($100-200 per day)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines30 days
Trinidad and Tobago90 days
Turks and Caicos Islands90 days
U.S. Virgin IslandsUnlimited
Countries in the Caribbean that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in the Americas

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Argentina90 days
Belize30 daysValid passport beyond planned departure date, proof of onward/return ticket and sufficient funds required.
Bermuda6 months
Canada180 days
Chile90 days
Colombia90 days
Costa Rica90 daysValid passport for duration of stay, onward/return ticket, proof of yellow fever vaccination and proof of funds ($100 per month of stay) required.
Ecuador90 daysNo more than 90 days in any 12-month period. Proof of U.S. citizenship required.
El Salvador90 daysPurchase tourist card for $10 when arriving at airport or seaport.
Falkland IslandsValid passport for duration of stay, onward/return ticket, proof of accommodation and sufficient funds required.
French Guiana90 days
Guatemala90 daysPassport with at least 6 months of validity after date of entry required.
Guyana90 days
Honduras90 daysPassport with at least 6 months validity. Onward ticket required.
Mexico180 days
Nicaragua90 daysPurchase tourist card for $10 upon arrival at airport. Onward/return ticket and proof of funds required. Proof of yellow fever vaccination may be required.
Panama180 daysPassport valid for at least 3 months past the date of entry. Onward/return ticket and proof of $500 required. Entry may be denied to any person with a criminal conviction.
Paraguay *90 daysMultiple entry visa valid up to ten years available for $160 on arrival. May also apply at Embassy in Washington, D.C. or nearest consulate.
Peru30 to 183 days
Suriname *90 daysSingle entry Tourist Card available on arrival for $40.
Uruguay90 daysAirport tax "boarding fee" of $44 for departure.
Countries in the Americas that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Visa-Free Countries in the Middle East

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Armenia180 days
Bahrain *14 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months required. Visa on arrival available or apply online.
Georgia365 days
Israel90 days
Jordan *30 days Visa on arrival for 40 JD ($56) at Amman's Queen Alia International Airport and most international land border crossings.
Kuwait *90 daysVisa on arrival for 3 KD at Kuwait International Airport or online. Passport valid for at least six months from date of arrival.
Lebanon *30 daysVisa on arrival at Beiruit International Airport or other port of entry. Passport valid for 90 days following entry, with no Israeli stamps or visas.
Oman *30 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months and proof of onward/return ticket and sufficient funds. Visa on arrival at airports and land crossings (except at Mazoonah and Sarfait). May also apply online.
Palestinian TerritoryAdmission to the West Bank and Gaza Strip is strictly controlled by the Israeli Defense Forces.
Qatar30 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months. Free visa on arrival.
United Arab Emirates *30 daysFree visa on arrival. Passport valid for at least 6 months. Travelers leaving by land and who are not members of the Gulf Cooperation Council must pay 35 UAE dirhams (in the local currency).
Countries in the Middle East that offer Visa-Free access to U.S. Passport Holders

Countries that Require American Passport Passport Holders to Apply for Travel Visa

The following lists include countries that require U.S. citizens to apply for a tourist visa for entry in advance, requiring you to apply for pre-departure approval from the government. Visas that require application in-person, by mail or electronically (e-Visa) are all included on the following lists.

Countries in Asia Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
AfghanistanU.S. citizens born in Afghanistan of Afghan parents are considered to be Afghan nationals and are not required to have an entry visa. For U.S. citizens of Afghan parentage, but not born in Afghanistan, an entry permit is required.
BhutanAll visas are approved in the capital, Thimphu, and are only issued to tourists who have booked travel with a local licensed tour operator, either directly or through a foreign travel agent. Applications for tourist visas are submitted by the local tour operator. Passport valid for at least six months following date of arrival.
ChinaPassport valid for at least six months. 10-year multiple entry visa is available.When transiting certain international airports, you may stay in mainland China without a Chinese visa.
India60 daysPassport valid for at least six months beyond date of visa application to obtain a visa. U.S. citizens may apply for an e-Visa at least 4 days before arrival and present the ETA upon arrival to receive the e-Visa at 25 designated airports.
MyanmarPassport valid for at least six months. e-Visa available; once approved for the visa, the visa needs to be used within 3 months.
North KoreaU.S. passports are not valid for travel into, in or through North Korea.
Pakistan4 to 6 weeks to apply for visa at embassy or consulate general.
TurkmenistanPassport valid for at least 6 months, certified letter of invitation, visa and $12 registration fee (upon arrival) required.
UzbekistanVisitors may not enter Uzbekistan with a valid Uzbek visa in a canceled or expired U.S. passport, even if they present another valid U.S. passport at the port of entry. Apply for tourist visa at Uzbek embassy or consulate. Tourist visa holders must stay at hotels only.
Vietnam30 daysApply online for single entry e-Visa. Pre-approval for visa on arrival may also be arranged by certain businesses and travel agencies. Phu Quoc visa exemption for up to 30 days is available.
Countries in Asia that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa

Countries in Africa Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
AlgeriaPassport valid for at least 6 months plus visa required, unless entering via cruise ship.
AngolaPassport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required. Vaccination at the airport is available for a fee.
BurundiPassport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
CameroonPassport, visa, current immunization records, World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination and proof of polio vaccination (for visits longer than four weeks) required.
ChadPassport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
Congo (Dem. Rep.)Passport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
Congo (Rep.)Passport, visa, World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination and invitation letter or a hotel reservation required.
Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)Passport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
Djibouti31 daysWorld Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination, if you have arrived from a yellow-fever prone country.
EritreaPassport valid for at least 6 months with 2 blank pages, visa and vaccination certificate (if coming from countries with risk of yellow fever).
GhanaProof of yellow fever vaccination required.
GuineaPassport, visa, international vaccination record (World Health Organization card) with a current yellow fever vaccination required.
LiberiaPassport with one blank page, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
LibyaPassport and visa required. Passport bearing Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps are not allowed.
MaliPassport with at least one blank page, visa and proof of yellow fever vaccination required.
NigerPassport, visa, and proof of vaccination against yellow fever required.
NigeriaPassport and visa required for entry and departure.
Sierra LeonePassport, visa and international certificates of vaccination (yellow card) with a record of vaccination against yellow fever required.
South SudanPassport with two blank pages, valid for six months after date of entry, visa, and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination required.
SudanPassport, visa and World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever/cholera vaccination when arriving from a yellow fever/cholera infected area.
UgandaApply online. Single entry visa available for $50. Recent photo and proof of vaccination for yellow fever is required.
Countries in Africa that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa

Countries in Oceania Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
NauruPassport valid for at least 3 months, visa, onward/return ticket and proof of hotel bookings (or sponsorship from a resident of Nauru) required.
Countries in Oceania that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa

Countries in the Caribbean Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
CubaTravel to Cuba is regulated by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Individuals seeking to travel to Cuba are not required to obtain licenses from OFAC if their travel is covered by a general license. If travel is not covered by a general license, you must seek OFAC authorization in the form of a specific license.
Countries in the Caribbean that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa

Countries in the Americas Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed CountryStay
Bolivia30 daysPassport valid for at least 6 months, copy of hotel reservation or invitation letter from Bolivian friends or relatives, onward/return ticket, proof of sufficient funds, $160 required for 10-year multiple entry tourist visa.
BrazilValid passport and e-Visa or visa required.
VenezuelaPassport valid for at least 6 months and visa required. Proof of accommodation, sufficient funds and onward/return ticket are often required.
Countries in the Americas that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa

Countries in the Middle East Requiring Visa

CountryAllowed StayNotes
Azerbaijan30 daysPassport and visa required. 30 days e-Visa now available for $20.
IranPassport and visa required. Visa may be obtained from the Iranian Interests Section at the Embassy of Pakistan in Washington, D.C.
IraqPassport and visa required. Apply with the Embassy of Iraq in Washington, D.C. Within 10 days of arrival, you must obtain an arrival sticker from the Residency Office and a residency stamp.
Saudi ArabiaNo tourist visa is available. Visit Saudi Arabia Embassy website for detailed info.
SyriaPassport and visa from a Syrian diplomatic mission located in the traveler's country of residence. The Syrian embassy in Washington, D.C., however, has suspended operations on March 18, 2014.
Turkey90 daysPassport valid for 6 months beyond entry date and visa or e-Visa required. Up to 90 days within a 180 day period is permitted for tourist visa.
Yemen30 daysThe embassy in Washington, D.C. is not issuing any tourist visa at this time.
Countries in the Middle East that require U.S. Passport Holders to apply for Tourist Visa
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